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Developmental Delay

Developmental Delays in Children Caused by Medical Negligence

Helping Parents Seek Justice in Ohio

The main focus of birth injuries caused by lack of oxygen and lack of blood flow tends to be on cerebral palsy. However, cerebral palsy, a neurological condition characterized by impaired motor function, is separate and distinct from developmental delays. During the first three years of their lives, children tend to advance and meet milestones very quickly. All children advance at different paces, but children with developmental delays are often far behind other children in their age groups.

Caring for a child with brain damage resulting in developmental delays or cognitive deficits is emotionally and financially draining. If your baby’s developmental delay occurred because of obstetrical negligence, you may have grounds for a medical malpractice lawsuit.

To arrange a free initial consultation about your potential case, please contact our Ohio developmental delay attorneys by email or call (440) 252-4399.

Did Obstetrical Caregivers Cause Your Child’s Developmental Delay?

The Becker Law Firm represents clients in cases in which obstetrical caregivers—including obstetricians, radiologists, and anesthesiologists—should be held accountable for brain damage in infants. These problems may be profound and obvious at birth. In other cases, these injuries can be more subtle, resulting in failure to meet early childhood developmental milestones.

Some types of developmental delays are genetic. These medical conditions, like Down syndrome and cystic fibrosis, are passed to a child from his parents. These types of conditions cannot be caused by negligence or medical malpractice. However, doctors and other healthcare providers may have an obligation to identify these medical conditions early in the pregnancy when the mother has the option of making a decision to legally abort the fetus. Lawsuits over failure to diagnose genetic abnormalities are called wrongful birth actions.

Other types of developmental delays are caused by events surrounding pregnancy, labor, and delivery. These types of delays are sometimes caused by the negligence of doctors or other healthcare providers. In particular, prolonged lack of blood and oxygen to the brain during the labor and delivery process can kill brain cells and cause developmental delays. This is one reason why doctors must be vigilant in monitoring the condition of a baby during the labor and delivery process.

What Are Developmental Delays?

There are many ways to calculate whether a child is meeting his or her milestones. All children are unique and advance at different rates, so it is important to evaluate a child’s milestones by conferring with a doctor, like a pediatrician or pediatric neurologist, to determine whether appropriate milestones are not being reached.

Developmental delays are typically thought of as mental, but they can affect a number of other areas:

  • Gross motor skills: ability to use large groups of muscles for sitting, standing, running, walking, and maintaining balance
  • Fine motor skills: using hands to eat, dress, play, write, and handle small objects
  • Language skills: ability to speak, use gestures, communicate and understand language
  • Cognitive ability: ability to learn, understand, problem-solve, remember, and reason
  • Social skills: ability to interact with others, feel empathy and sympathy, cooperate, and have relationships

Sometimes one area may be affected, or numerous areas may be delayed. The degree of delays varies and can be directly related to the extent of the original birth injury.

Standard Milestones

There are no universally-agreed upon ages for children to meet these milestones. Indeed, failure to meet milestones is not necessarily an indication of a problem; rather, it is something to be considered by physicians along with other evidence before a clinical diagnosis can be made. Below are some milestones that pediatricians and other doctors will want to know about.

2 months

  • Begins to smile
  • Turns head toward noise
  • Coos/gurgles
  • Begins to follow objects with eyes
  • Holds head up when lying on stomach

4 months

  • Smiles at people
  • Copies facial expressions and movements
  • Begins to babble
  • Reaches for toys and other objects
  • Follows moving objects with eyes
  • Recognizes familiar people/objects
  • Holds head unsupported
  • Can shake toys
  • Brings hands to mouth
  • May roll over from stomach to back
  • Pushes with legs on the floor

6 months

  • Begins to play with others
  • Responds to sounds by making sounds
  • Makes vowel sounds
  • Responds to own name
  • Brings objects to mouth
  • Moves objects from one hand to another
  • Rolls over in both directions
  • Begins to sit without support
  • Begins to crawl, sometimes moving backward first

9 months

  • Clingy with parents and familiar people, afraid of strangers
  • Understands “no”
  • Copies sounds and movements
  • Points with fingers
  • Plays peek-a-boo
  • Picks up objects with thumb and index finger
  • Stands while holding onto something
  • Crawls

1 year

  • Puts arms and legs out to help with dressing
  • Responds to simple requests
  • Gestures (i.e., waving, nodding head)
  • Tries to repeat words
  • Finds hidden objects
  • Drinks from a cup
  • Follows simple directions
  • Stands
  • Begins walking

18 months

  • Plays pretend (i.e., feeds a doll)
  • Speaks several words
  • Knows names of common objects
  • Can point to and identify body parts
  • Walks
  • May walk up steps
  • Eats with a spoon
  • May undress self

2 years

  • Copies others
  • Shows independence and defiance
  • Begins to play with other children
  • Speaks in small sentences
  • Repeats words
  • Begins to identify shapes and colors
  • Follows two-step instructions
  • Identifies animals
  • Runs
  • Walks up and down stairs while holding onto a rail
  • Throws ball overhead

3 years

  • Shows affection for friends
  • Takes turns
  • Shows sympathy for others
  • Understands possession
  • Dresses/undresses self
  • Talks well enough for strangers to understand
  • Speaks in sentences
  • Uses toys with moving parts
  • Plays with small puzzles
  • Turns pages in books
  • Opens jars and turns door handles
  • Can pedal a tricycle
  • Can walk up and down stairs with one foot per step

Every child develops at a different pace, and missing these milestones is not definitive evidence of an intellectual disability. However, parents should keep a close eye on milestones and report variations to their pediatrician. The doctor can then decide if further testing is required.

Tracing delays in early childhood development to medical malpractice is complex. Our legal team, which includes a former pharmacist and a former registered nurse, works to demonstrate negligence such as:

  • Failure to detect treatable conditions
  • Failure to stave off premature birth
  • Failure to give appropriate treatment to pre-term babies
  • Oxygen deprivation during labor or birth
  • Head trauma during delivery
  • Failure to treat infections
  • Failure to recognize and swiftly respond to fetal distress
  • Improper administration of Pitocin, Cervidil and/or Cytotec
  • $15.9 Million Birth Injury
  • $13.5 Million Birth Injury

    Becker Law Firm attorneys Michael Becker and David Skall obtained a jury verdict for $13.5 million in Akron, Ohio. The case involved a now 16- year-old boy who suffered a brain injury at the time of birth (specifically a watershed injury). The doctor held liable for causing the boy’s injury is Laura Fortner, M.D., previously of Atrium OB/GYN, Inc.

  • $8.7 Million Birth Trauma

    Failure to Appropriately Manage Preeclampsia Resulting in Brain Damage

  • $4.5 Million Birth Injury

    Failure to Carefully Ligate Umbilical Cord, Resulting In Severing Child’s Great Toe, Major Fluctuation In Child’s Blood Pressure And Subsequent Brain Damage (Cerebral Palsy & Developmental Delays)

  • $4.25 Million Birth Injury

    Failure of Obsterical Caregivers to Recognize Maternal Hemorrhage Resulting in Brain Damage

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    "Mike represented us as if he was fighting for his own family member. I knew that my son was getting the best representation in Northeast Ohio."
    It was an honor having such an experienced lawyer handle my son's cerebral palsy case. He represented us as if he was fighting for his own family member. Everyone at the firm made us feel comfortable about our case. I knew that my son was getting the best representation in Northeast Ohio. The Becker Law Firm is dedicated to bringing justice to their clients. I've already referred families that I know!
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    Right from the very beginning of our case, David Skall and his assistant Jean Witt were both extremely kind and compassionate to help us put closure on a wrongful death case involving my father at a care facility. They were quick to answer any questions that we had and they made sure we were kept in the loop of this entire process. even though we were in the middle of a pandemic, David and his team were able to adapt their technology and make it all work out for our benefit. I would strongly recommend them to anyone in need of legal help.
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    Contact The Becker Law Firm for a Free Consultation

    The cost of caring for a child with developmental disabilities can easily exceed several million dollars over a lifetime. The attorneys at The Becker Law Firm consult with top experts to project the costs of round-the-clock care, physical therapy, home modifications, and other services. We use day-in-the-life videos and other proven strategies to help ensure that families are fully compensated for these lifelong expenses, as well as monetary damages for lost earning potential, reduced quality of life, and parents’ emotional distress.

    Your child’s developmental delays may have been caused by doctor or hospital negligence at the time of delivery. If you want answers, contact the Ohio birth injury lawyers at The Becker Law Firm. We have investigated hundreds of birth injury cases across the country, and have a proven track record of settlements and verdicts.

    We can be reached online or by phone at (440) 252-4399. Contact us today for a no-cost, no-obligation consultation.


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